Inanda Bass Classic Fishing Dictionary

By ken Ainslie

Anal fin: Fish fin positioned below and behind the anus.
Astro tables: Same as solunar tables world wide calculated feeding times relating to
the moon and sun positions
Anvil: The hard surface at the back of the bass mouth where food is crushed
Baitfish: Small or young fish that bass predominantly feed upon
B.A.S.S.: Bass Angler’s Sportsman’s Society
Bassmaster: Member of B.A.S.S. Bass angler’s sportsman society
Barb: Sharp rear pointing protrusion-locking hook into flesh
Barbless hooks: Hooks that have no barb or hooks that have had the barb squashed flat
Back boated: When back boat partner is so positioned he cannot access prime fishing
Bassing thumb: The rough skin on an anglers thumb after handling many bass correctly
by lipping with thumb in the mouth.
Birds nest: Resulting fishing line bunch up on reel spool after over wind.
Bilge pump: Motorized pump used for removal of water out of boat or circulating live
well water.
Boated: When a caught fish is brought on aboard
Braided line: Special woven man made fibers of low density and stretch with a high
breaking strain.
Breakline: A point where the depth of water changes and drops away into deeper
Bridge: Section separating spinning reel side plates “bridge” between side plates.
Bucktail: Antelope hair used as skirts or to bulk up jigs as an attractant.
Bucketmouth: Term for large bass.
Bulking up: Changing to a larger heavier lure or bait.
Cavitation: Air trapped in propeller vicinity causing lack of propulsion
Carbon fiber: Strong fiber product used in the production of fishing rods and fishing
reel bodies
Carolina rig: Method of rigging worm is positioned a distance away from the weight
by pegging the weight.
Caudal fin: The tail fin used for propulsion in fish.
Caece: Digestive organs in a bass stomach used to identify florida bass.
Ceramic: Very hard glass type substance used to edge rod eyes and reel guides.
Chapter: Name given to a bassmaster club.
Classic: Major bass fishing tournament.
Colorado blade: Name given to tear shaped spinner blade.
Combo: Matched rod and reel outfit.
Comfort zone: The water temp that bass find most comfortable 72 f 22 c
Cover: Any object/structure underwater that affords bass refuge
Count down's: Lures of heavier than water density that sink at a given rate usually one
foot per second.
Coffee grinder: Type of reel that allows line to spool off forwards and has a fixed
stationary spool.
Cranking: Term used for reeling in a lure or worm.
Crank bait: Name for hard lures with one or two triple hooks.
Culling: The releasing of smaller caught fish for a larger specimen caught in
tournaments or  competitions.
De-gas: Method of reducing bass swim bladder pressure by injection into the
air bladder to release the pressure in bass caught in deep water.
Dead-stick: Leaving the lure or bait stationary on the bottom.
Deep cycle: Name given to special boating batteries that are designed for complete
discharge during use.
Dorsal fin: Bass fin positioned on top back of fish.
Drop off: Sudden change in bottom level falling away ledge.
Drop shotting: Rig with sinker at bottom and worm bait jerked vertically to attract bass
Drag: Reel spool drag setting allowing line to be taken whilst fighting large bass.
Duo lock: Wire locking clip tied to line to attach lures.
Echo sounder: Electronic fish finder.
Feather: Term used when describing the gentle thumbing of the spool when casting.
Fish off: A regional event hosting all the clubs in the region.
Fish finder: Electronic devise which identifies fish and other features below the surface
of the water.
Fishing hole: Name given to a fishing dam or river.
Flats: The shallow area in a dam or on a river.
Flipping: Method of fishing, underhand casting technique.
Florida bass: ( micropterus salmoides floridanus.) Large species of bass now introduced
to s.a. waters.
Gape: Term given to distance between hook point and shank.
Gilling: Term used for fish gills moving showing breathing,
Ginger: Used to describe water colour discoloured
Gps: Global Positioning System by satellite.
Grayline: Feature on lcg fish finder that allows one to see fish on or near the bottom.
Graphite: Product used in the production of fishing rods and fishing reel bodies.
Gut hooked: Bass hooked in the stomach.
Hot spots: Areas on water where bass are feeding.
Hookups: When lure or bait becomes snagged on obstruction.
Hung up: Same as hookups.
Igfa: International Game Fish Organisation.
Indiana: Spinner blade cross between willow and colorado blade.
Jackplate: Devise between boat transom and engine to lift or lower the motor to
enhance performance and power.
Jigs: Name given to a variety of weighted hooks with skirts and plastic worms.
Jigging: Term used for jerking bait up and down.
Kill switch: Safety switch attached by cord to belt or clothing that turns off the engine
if driver leaves his seat.
Lactic acid: Debilitating chemical build up in a fish organs and muscles after capture.
Lateral line: 6th sense somewhere between vibration and hearing.
Launch: Meaning to slide or float boat on to the water.
Lcd: Liquid Crystal Display. As found on fish finders and GPS’s.
League: On going weekly or monthly competition.
Livewell: Specially constructed tank in the boat filled with water to keep bass alive
and in good condition for live release after weighing in.
Limit: Amount of fish allowed to be weighed at a tournament.
Lip: Front section of lure that determines the depth a lure reaches on retrieval.
Lippless lures: Flat bodied lures without protruding lips.
Lipping: Correct method of holding the bass by the lower lip.
Living rubber: Strands of rubber bound together on spinner baits as skirts that flutter and
attract attention.
Log: Record diary of daily events and timings.
Locker: Compartment in boat for the storage of fishing tackle or rods.
Lockjaw: When bass are inactive and refuse to feed or attack a lure.
Lunker: Term used for a large sized bass.
L Serine: Odor measurement on humans hands obnoxious to bass.
Marker buoy: Anchored marker to demarcate anglers fishing spot other anglers to stay
Migrating: Bass moving from holding area to feeding area sometimes via a set route
or to deeper / shallower waters.
Mono: Abreviation for monofilament fishing line.
Monofilament: Fishing line of singular nylon construction.
Mojo: Tubular lead weight threaded on line and pegged above terminal tackle.
Murkey: Used to describe water colour discoloured muddy.
Naala: Natal Artificial Lure Angling Association.
Northern bass: ( micropterus salmoides. ) Most common of all bass in S.A. waters.
Nsc: National Sporting Congress.
Oklahoma: Spinner blade, shaped between a willow leaf and colorado blade.
Patch: Cloth fishing badge.
Pattern: The fishing method that appeals to fish at that time.
Pectrol: Side fins on either side of the bass body.
Pelvic fin: Underneath in front on chest of bass. (two of)
Pistol grip: Rod handle with trigger to facilitate good grip and good sensitivity.
Pitch: Term used to determine angle of motor prop blade.
Pitching: Method of fishing similar to flipping.
Plankton: Part of the very small food chain in the water.
Plastic bait: Lifelike soft plastic worm or grub used to catch bass.
Popping the knot: Pulling a not tight with a jerk (not correct procedure).
Points: Pointed bank corners or protrusions often holding bass.
Polorised: Special dark glass lenses that protect your eyes and allow better vision
in sunny conditions.
Popper: Bass lure fished on surface of the water.
Porpoise: Boat undulating movement due to incorrect motor trim.
Post-spawn: Period after bass spawning.
Pop: To jerk the lure in a short sharp manner.
Prop baits: Bass lure with propeller in front or rear.
Pre-spawn: Period before bass spawning.
Pro: Bass angler who fishes professionally.
Presentation: Lure placed in a position as to be appealing to bass.
Rattles: Small ball bearings in plastic tubes when shaken make rattling sound
used in lures and worms.
Rigged: Term given to a rod and reel fully assembled with lure.
Ripping: Term used to describe fast lure retrieval.
Rip – raps: Shallow area with sunken rocky outcrops.
Rig: Bassing boat.
Rod locker: Space or compartment that stores fishing rods on bass boats.
Running lights: Illuminating lights used on boats that are traveling at night.
S.A.B.A.A: South African Bass Anglers Association.
S.A. Bass: Our top South African monthly bass magazine.
S.A.F.A.L.F: South African Federation of Artificial Lure and Fly Anglers.
S.A.A.L.A.A: South African Artificial Lure Angling Association.
Schooling: When bass or bait fish gather together in large numbers.
Secchi disc: Water clarity measurement devise 30 cm round black & white disc.
Bass senses: Bass have 5 known senses, sight, smell, sound, taste, and lateral line.
Shock: Resulting emotional reaction in a fish after being caught.
Shank: The straight back section of the hook.
Skirts: Rubber or plastic strips that conceal hook usually on a spinner bait.
Stringer: Number of fish secured to a keep chain or rope (unacceptable practise,
damages & kills bass)
Slapping: Bass hits at lure with its tail but refuses to bite.
Slipway: Concrete ramp into water to launch boats from.
Small mouth bass: (Micropterus Dolomi) one of the 4 species of bass not often caught.
Sneaker: Silent electric motor to propel boat while fishing.
Solunar tables: World wide calculated feeding times relating to the moon and sun positions.
Sow: Term for large female bass.
Spawning: Bass laying of eggs.
Spinner bait: Type of wire bass lure with skirts and spinning blades.
Split shot: Small split lead weight used for adding a light weight to terminal tackle.
Split ring: Steel split ring used for connecting hooks to lures.
Spooked: When a fish is alerted or scared of the lure or angler.
Spotted bass: (Micropterus Punctulatus) One of the lesser caught species in S.A. waters.
Stick: Fishing rod.
Structure: Any object or cover underwater that affords a bass cover.
Strike zone: Proximity that bass will strike at lures and baits.
Suspended: Bass that hold their position at a certain depth.
Sweet spots: Good fishing spots.
Swivel: Anti line twisting devise attached on the line above the lure.
Tap tap: Term used to explain the bite felt on a plastic worm.
Terminal tackle: Relates to everything at the end of the fishing line used for attracting bass
to strike.
Texas rig: Method of rigging plastic worms (weight up against worm).
Throat: Bottom curve and depth in hook.
Thermocline: Depth position in water where water temp differs.
Toledo: Name given to type of spinner blade, short tear drop shaped blade.
Tournament trail: Major bass competitions and tournaments held around the country usually
attracting the avid and keen angler.
Tossing blades: Throwing or using of spinner baits.
Trim: Motor angle to boat for correct efficient propulsion.
Trim & tilt: Hydraulic devise electrically operated to alter motor angle to boat.
Triple: Triple hooks three hooks fashioned into one 120 degrees spaced used on
all lures.
Transom: Rear section of boat that motor is fixed to.
Trailer hook: Extra hook threaded on existing hook to improve chance of hooking.
Trailering: Meaning to retrieve or winch boat back on to the trailer.
Transducer: Unit on depth finder that transmits signal to the bottom.
Trolling motor: Silent electric motor to propel boat while fishing.
Urea: Crystalline chemical waste discharged from a fish.
Weed guard: Angled deflector that protects the hook point from catching and fouling on
Weedless hook: Hooks with wire deflector over barb eliminating snagging and fouling on
Willow leaf: Spinner blade, long narrow leaf shaped blade.
Walking the dog: Term given to manipulating a lure on the surface usually a zara spook.
Worm oil: Special mineral oil usually scented to preserve plastic worm baits.